The increasing life standard induces a higher demand for energy, what brings the security of energy supply into the spotlight. From the production and supply point of view, Slovakia has the perfect combination of production sources and a stable transmission grid. By completing two nuclear units of the Mochovce nuclear power plant in 1998 and 2000, the country has gained electrical self-sufficiency. In 2007, after the decommissioning of the first unit of the V1 NPP in Jaslovské Bohunice, the amount of electricity imported has once again exceeded the amount exported, whereby changing Slovakia’s situation. In the end of 2008 the second unit of the V1 nuclear power plant was decommissioned as well, further increasing the deficit. To achieve energetic balance, not even the construction of the third and fourth unit in Mochovce will be sufficient, since meanwhile it will be necessary to decommission further power sources, mostly for environmental reasons. Electricity production in the Slovak Republic is for the most part concentrated. About 83 % of all the electricity produced is provided by Slovenské elektrárne – Enel. The rest is produced by independent producers.
The importance of a new nuclear power source for Slovakia
The planned construction and commissioning of a new power plant in Jaslovske Bohunice will the increase energetic security in Slovakia and it will also contribute to the competitive environment of the market, thus putting a pressure on the prices to fall. The construction and operation of the power plant will also provide ample job opportunities. Also the contribution of the new company to the state budget, collected in direct and indirect taxation and dividends paid to its shareholders is not to be neglected.